The First Minutes Count

Your tasks as a first aider

Keep calm
Everyone is upset when an accident happens! Take a deep breath and get an overview of the
situation. Then go step by step as you learned in the first-aid course. Stress is a natural reaction of your body to sudden, unexpected situations. Due to the immediate release of stress hormones, you are wide awake and can instantly react appropriately to a serious situation.


Recognise and protect against dangers
Emergency situations can also be dangerous. Never deliberately get into danger! Try to secure the site of the accident in order to avoid further injuries. If possible, get people to safety. Most importantly in dangerous situations, keep yourself as safe as possible in order to call for help (fire department, police, rescue).


Immediate life saving measures
Rescuing the injured You can bring injured people out of dangerous areas if they are not able to do it themselves. The requirement for this is that you do not endanger yourself. The decision as to what actions are possible without risk has to be made by you according to the situation!
Stop bleeding: With severe bleeding, stopping the bleeding quickly by pressure on the wound is vital.
Keep the airways clear: If a person is unconscious, breathing in a supine position is not guaranteed; a stable side position can save a life.
Resuscitation: The only chance for a person whose circulation system has failed is to be resuscitated as soon as possible.


Emergency call

The earliest professional care and brave intervention by a first-aider greatly improves the outlook of an injured person. If many helpers are present, remember that even in this case, an emergency call should still be made as soon as possible. Dial 144 and answer all oft the questions asked of you.


Treating wounds
Take care of all wounds so that there is no further contamination. If it is necessary, have a doctor treat wounds.


Basic measures
Position: A comfortable position often reduces pain and makes breathing easier for an injured
person.
Access to fresh air: In closed spaces, ensure that there is fresh air
Warmth: Injured persons are often cold, so cover them up.
Psychological support: As a first-aider, you are the contact person for the injured person until the emergency services (or alternatively a reference person) arrives. Greet the injured or ill person and speak calmly and objectively to him. Ask exactly what happened and where the injured or ill person is in pain. Tell him that you will stay with him, and explain everything that you are doing (e.g. calling emergency services). Remain with the injured person if possible until professional help arrives. Try to keep your reactions and emotions under control while you are helping so that you can act calmly and logically. Consider what care you would expect if you were injured. You should help someone else in exactly the same way.

The Rescue Chain

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